Andersonville, like so many other cities and towns throughout the state, grew up around the railroads. Its history, however, is most often linked to the Civil War, and specifically to the famed camp that held Union soldiers as prisoners of war.
During the war, Andersonville boasted a post office, depot, stable, and a variety of other establishments throughout Camp Sumter. After the close of the prison, the town's economy depended entirely on agriculture. It was only much later, in the late 1960s, that Andersonville diversified its economy. Mulcoa established a mining operation in the town at that time, and some 50 years later, the company continues to ship out more than 2,000 tons of refined ore a week. Additionally, Andersonville prison is a tourist hot spot, welcoming visitors to enjoy its museum and historical re-enactments.