Originally named Terminus (to mark the end of the rail line) and later renamed Marthasville (in honor of Governor Wilson Lumpkin's daughter), Atlanta, the state's capital and the county seat for Fulton County, earned its current name in 1848.
The cultural center for the state, Atlanta houses several arts venues and attractions, including the Atlanta Ballet, the High Museum of Art, the Martin Luther King, Jr. Center and Zoo Atlanta. Atlanta also serves as home to several professional and collegiate sporting clubs, such as the Atlanta Braves, Atlanta Falcons and Atlanta Hawks.
Every year, well-known festivals and parades, like the Dogwood Festival and the National Black Arts Festival, attract local residents to parks and restaurants around the city.
Also an intellectual center of the state, the metro-Atlanta area is home to a number of nationally-recognized colleges, technical schools, and universities, among which are Clark Atlanta University, Emory University, Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia State University, Morehouse College, Morris Brown College, Oglethorpe University, Savannah College of Art & Design, and Spelman College.
Famous individuals from the city include civil rights activist Martin Luther King, Jr., golfer Bobby Jones, comedian Nipsey Russell and author of Gone with the Wind, Margaret Mitchell.