Calhoun, the county seat of Gordon County, incorporated in January 1852. The city remembers Senator John Calhoun, a famous statesman and prominent figure in the states' rights movement.
Generations before settlers came to Calhoun, Native Americans lived in the area and called their villages Oothcaloga, Ustanali and New Echota. New Echota, which once served as the capital of the Cherokee Nation, witnessed the birth of the written Cherokee language and the newspaper, The Cherokee Phoenix. Today this site is the New Echota Cherokee Capitol Historic Site, which has several original and reconstructed buildings including the Supreme Courthouse.
Each year Calhoun holds two main festivals - the Cherokee Fall Festival in late October and the Red Clay Hill Arts and Crafts Festival in early November.