Columbus-Muscogee, the first consolidated city-county in Georgia, began development in 1826, building on ceded Creek Indian territory. Muscogee is the name of a branch of the Creek Nation. Columbus, of course, is named for Christopher Columbus.
Early during the Civil War the Haiman Sword Factory employed 400 people from the area to make swords, sabres and Colt Navy Pistols for the Confederacy. Later, as Union forces attacked entrenched Confederate riflemen and artillery, soldiers fought the last land battle of the war at Columbus.