Fort Valley, the county seat for Peach County, incorporated on March 3, 1856. Landowner James Abingdon Everett settled the area and founded "Fox Valley" as an Indian trading post. Years after the city's initial naming, when residents submitted an application to the postal authorities, a clerk misread the city's name as "Fort Valley." The mistake stuck.
Residents refer to Fort Valley as the "Peach Capital of Georgia" because of the number of peaches that are grown there. Fort Valley is also the birthplace of the famous Blue Bird School Buses.