Lexington, incorporated November 24, 1806, is the county seat of Oglethorpe County. The city takes its name from the town in Massachusetts where the first Revolutionary War battle took place.
In the very heart of Lexington stands the Oglethorpe County courthouse. Constructed in 1887, this Romanesque Revival structure, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, went through renovations during the 1990s. It is the oldest courthouse of this architectural style remaining in Georgia.
Visitors can take a walking tour of the town that includes numerous historical buildings and homes. The Joseph Lumpkin House, circa 1790, is the oldest documented house and the home of the first chief justice of the Georgia Supreme Court. The Lexington Presbyterian Cemetery contains the graves of prominent Georgia politicians: George Rockingham Gilmer, a governor of Georgia; Wilson Lumpkin, also a governor of the state; and Joseph Henry Lumpkin, a founder of the Lumpkin School of Law at the University of Georgia.