Morgan County, an original land lot county, lies in central Georgia and stretches across land known for its dairying and timber production. Designated in 1807, the county remembers General Daniel Morgan who served with Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec in 1775, commanded riflemen at Saratoga in 1777, and defeated the British at Cowpens in 1781. Madison, the county seat, is named for James Madison, the fourth U.S. president.
In 186I, Congressman Joshua Hill of Madison defied his Southern peers by declining to vote for secession. Unpopular as Hill's decision was, it persuaded General William Tecumsah Sherman to spare Madison during his destructive March to the Sea.