On December 24, 1847, Sylvania, "The Welcome Station City", became the county seat for Screven County. The city takes its name from the Latin phrase "Place in the Woods."
Tourists travel from all over the nation to visit the city's Brier Creek Battle Site, a famous battle site of the Revolutionary War. Also of interest for history buffs is Sylvania's downtown, which is home to masonry buildings that reflect the small town architecture of the 1920s and 1930s.
Some of the year-round festivals held in Sylvania include the Annual Livestock Festival in April and the Annual Air Exposition held in late September through early October.