Claxton, the county seat of Evans County, incorporated on July 28, 1911. The city remembers Kate Claxton, a popular actress at the time of the city's founding.
Dating to the 1920s, the Evans County courthouse, built using 20th century Neoclassical design, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The city is nicknamed the "Fruit Cake Capital of the World" due to the number of fruitcakes the Claxton Bakery produces each year. In addition, the city is home to some of the largest beekeeping and poultry industries in the state.